On-line Modelling and Optimising Control

It was identified by operational and process personnel that a newly installed continuous aluminium billet homogenising oven could be improved in terms of its ease of operation and throughput. Initial attempts to arrive at a new operating strategy involved work

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Lining to Ilmenite Smelting (PDF)

The UCAR® CHILL-KOTE™ freeze lining concept combines wall cooling with carbon and graphite refractories of higher thermal conductivities to “chill” the refractory lining by transferring heat from the refractory lining. Effective sidewall water cooling, together with the efficiency of the

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